
This activity is maintaining the LF & HF impedance standards, DC standards and DC High Voltage standards.
LF & HF Impedance Standard: This activity is maintaining the standards of capacitance, inductance and ac resistance. Value to the 10 pF capacitor is assigned through primary standard, calculable cross capacitor, with an uncertainty of 0.6 ppm using precision ac bridges. Scale of capacitance is build up from 10 pF to 1 F using transformers bridges. The unit of inductance, Henry, is realized from capacitance and resistance using MaxwellWien bridge. Value to 100 µH to 10 H is assigned through this bridge. The unit of ac resistance, Ohm, is also realized from capacitance, using Quadrature Bridge and other precision ac bridges at 1kΩ. The scale of resistance from 1 Ω to 1 MΩ builds up with Kelvin double arms ac bridge.
The Precision Coaxial airlines are taken as the primary standard of HF capacitance standard, traceable to length standards. The capacitance values of these air lines at high frequencies have been evaluated from their dimensions by using the transmission line theory1 and taking into account the distributive effects associated with the coaxial lines. A set of seven airlines of different lengths from 3 cm to 30 cm exhibit capacitance values which varies from 2 pF to 20 pF respectively has been employed in the frequency range of 10 kHz100 MHz. Transfer standards of capacitance at high frequency include a set of four coaxial capacitors (1 pF to 20 pF) and four 4TP (Terminal Pair) air dielectric capacitors (1 pF to 1000 pF) which are calibrated against the primary standard. These transfer standards are then used to calibrate the LCR meters and Impedance analyzer in the range of 1 pF  1000 pF from 10 kHz – 10 MHz and 1 pF to 20 pF from 10 MHz to 100 MHz respectively.
DC standards: This activity is maintaining National Standards of DC voltage, DC current and DC resistance. The apex level calibration facilities is being provided to the STQC Labs, Government Organizations and Industries for dissemination of traceability.
DC High Voltage Standard: This group is providing calibration facility for High Voltage DC equipments ie. DC High Voltage probe, DC High Voltage divider, DC High Voltage Power Supplies and DC Volt meter, upto 100 kV. Primary standard of DC High Voltage is the Resistive Divider, which is traceable to Josephson voltage standard.
International Collaborations
 This group is coordinating following international comparisons;
 APMP.EM.S8 for 6 ½ DMM
 APMP.EM.K3 and APMP.EM.S10 for inductance measurement of 10 mH and 100 mH
List of International Inter comparisons
LF Impedance Standards 

Parameter 
Artifact & Range 
Year 
Country / Programme 
CAPACITANCE 
10 pF Quartz Capacitor at 1000 Hz & 1592 Hz 10 pF Quartz Capacitor (at 1000, 1592 Hz) 
2011 1997 2004 
BIPM (France)
APMP

INDUCTANCE 
10 mH (at 1000 Hz) 
1998 
PTB (Germany) 
AC RESISTANCE 
1 kW Resistor (at 1592 Hz) 
1986 
VNIIM (USSR) 
AC ratio 
Inductive Voltage Dividers at 1 kHz and 55 Hz 
2001 
CCEM K7 
DC Standards 

DC Resistance

1 Ω & 10 k Ω 1 Ω Standard 1 Ω & 10kΩ 
2013 1986 
BIPM (France) IndoSoviet Prog. APMP 
DC Current 
1 pA, 10 pA & 100 pA 
2012 
KRISS (Korea) 
DC Voltage 
1000:10, 100:10 (Voltage Ratios) 
2011 1998 
IEN Italy APMP 
Research and Development Activities
1. Measurement Traceability
2. 4TP Capacitance Evaluation using Resonance Method
3. Determination and comparison of temperature coefficient of standard inductors
4. Measurement Automation